See Article History. Start Your Free Trial Today. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Another expedition to the same area in the Investigator in included the Scottish botanist Robert Brown, whose work on the plants….
Joseph Banks: scientist, explorer and botanist
Cook carried an early nautical almanac and brass sextants but no chronometer on the first voyage. However, in general the 18th and early 19th centuries saw the society tending to rest on its laurels and become slightly amateurish. This was rectified in the s…. History at your fingertips.
Joseph Banks, a life - Patrick O'Brian - Google книги
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Sir Joseph Banks
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Description Sir Joseph Banks , was a naturalist, explorer, president for more than forty years of the Royal Society, Britain's oldest scientific institution, and one of Australia's founding fathers. He first rose to fame when, as a young botanist, he accompanied Captain Cook on his epic circumnavigation that resulted in the discovery of Australia. He was a central figure in a generation that transformed an insular monarchy into a modern industrial powerhouse.
Yet a complete picture of Banks's long life has never emerged from the vast archive left at his death. The young Banks sailed on expeditions to North America and Iceland as well as the Pacific; he was also instrumental in establishing Kew Gardens as one of the world's greatest botanical centers.
An indefatigable correspondent, he had a wide circle of friends and associates, including Cuvier, Watt, Samuel Johnson, and Edward Gibbon. Patrick O'Brian's masterful biography, which makes full use of Banks's letters and journals some hitherto unknown , brings from the shadows a man of enduring importance.
Banks emerges as a cheerful, forthright, and hospitable man whose true genius lay in promoting the enthusiasms of others. His legacy survives not only in his magnificent Florilegium, the record of his botanical studies in the South Seas, but in the development of the Australian continent and the tenor and tradition of subsequent scientific enterprise.
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